'Any item, whether word, image, artifact, or what-have-you, that makes a difference to somebody as it runs into other items (words, images, etc.) means we have a sign. The chains and networks of all these signs that form as they bump into each other are semiotic systems.
It is also possible to conceptualize the system of signs as not only synchronic and diachronic but also as a "fluid" "surface" that may ebb and flow, jump, appear and disappear, and absorb "closed systems" defined by linear patterning and non-relative schemas. One may conceive of an infinite "play" of signs, with [any particular] prominent sign [one may choose] within that "play" or semiotic "game" space.'
-XJ, pp. 110, 117, adapted
Benjamin Bennett-Carpenter teaches at a public university in North America and consults/coaches at Sollars & Associates and independently.